VIOLENCE IN SPACE. Urban and territorial policies during the civil-military dictatorship in Argentina (1976-1983)
General coordination of the exhibition
Pamela Colombo[Professor at the Department of Sociology, Université Laval (Québec), and associate researcher at the IRIS-EHESS, (Paris)]
Carlos Salamanca[Researcher at the Conicet, CURDIUR-UNR (Rosario), Director of the program “Spaces, politiques, societies” (CEI-UNR)]
- Institut de Recherche Interdisciplinaire sur les Enjeux Sociaux (IRIS), École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS, Francia)
- Programa “Espacios, Políticas, Sociedades” (Centro de Estudios Interdisciplinarios, Universidad Nacional de Rosario)
- Proyecto Europeo Marie Skłodowska-Curie “Violent settlements: strategic villages and clandestine burial sites in Latin America” (H2020-MSCA-IF-2014-GF, No. 654923) (Francia)
- Université Laval, Département de Sociologie (Canada)
- Archivo General de la Nación
- Centro de Estudios Interdisciplinarios de la Universidad Nacional de Rosario
- Instituto de Investigaciones Gino Germani, Universidad de Buenos Aires
- Memoria Abierta
- Núcleo de Estudios sobre Memoria, Instituto de Desarrollo Económico y Social
- Secretaria de Derechos Humanos, Universidad Nacional de Rosario
- Instituto de la Vivienda de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires
- Revista Clepsidra
Grafic desing:Juan Manuel del Mármol (Centro Cultural Haroldo Conti)
Gabriela Águila, Gabriela Álvarez, Carla Bertotti, Mara Burkart, Eva Camelli, Gonzalo Conte,Leandro Daich Varela, Mercedes Di Virgilio, Juan Manuel Díaz, Valeria Duran, Leonardo Fernández, Gustavo Fernetti, Victoria Fini, Néstor Frenkel, Cecilia Galimberti, Victoria Gesualdi, Alejandro Hartmann, Federico Houllé, Guillermo Jajamovich, Vanina Lekerman, Laura Luciani, María Maneiro, Andrea Mastrangelo, Carlos Masotta, Luján Menazzi, Gian Paolo Minelli, Mercedes Najman Santiago Nardin, Javier Núñez, Martin Oesterheld, Victoria Pierini, María Pirsch, Ana Sánchez Trolliet, Valeria Snitcofsky, Carmelo Sardinas Ullpu, Eduardo Santellán, Gabriela Tavella, Sandra Tolosa, Marina Wertheimer.
Programs for eradication of “shantytowns”, construction of highways, creation of “strategic villages”, redesign of public spaces, construction of stadiums and redesign of cities for the “World Cup 1978”: these are some of the territorial and urban projects carried out during the civil-military dictatorship in Argentina (1976-1983) that this exhibition examines. A spatial reorganization carried out at all scales and in all regions of the country, which had impacted on the population and transformed Argentina’s society in a lasting manner.
This exhibition explores the genesis of these urban projects, but also the way in which societies had inherited, but also remember and use these infrastructure in present days. All these urban projects are today a material legacy with which we live: on the one hand, as a condition of the possibility of uneven accumulation of goods, services, land and resources, on the other hand, as part of processes of impoverishment, exclusion and marginalization.
It is not the monument, the stadium or the building itself that we invite you to look at this exhibition. There was no a “productive” dictatorship that created buildings and modernization, distinct and separate from the one that carried out the systematic disappearance of thousands of people. This exhibition explores a form of government in which violence was a constitutive element and where, at the same time as the system of forced disappearance was designed and spaces of life were the object of permanent vigilance, they also organized children’s fairs, the soccer world-cup, the “good management” of garbage, cultural heritage and tourism. There was no a government of violence and another one that was “productive”. There was only one government that inscribed violence in space and that made space the medium to authoritatively create a new society.